Theme 5: Sustainable urbanisation, travel and tourism in the 21st Century
South Africa as well as Sweden are both experiencing population growth and rapid urbanisation. This brings many types of challenges to both countries. For example current infrastructure is in dire need of maintenance at the same time as new developments are being built and planned. These developments are intertwined with for example environmental and social challenges in accessibility to basic resources (e.g. energy, water) and services (e.g. housing, sanitation), segregation, and transportation of people and goods. In addition, both countries pride themselves on being attractive tourist destinations both for rural and urban attractions. Tourism also requires infrastructure and travel, and puts demands on for example energy and water resources, but can also of course bring cultural understanding and widened horizons in a time when this is utterly needed. On top of these challenges lies threats and opportunities for business with outdated, changing or new business models that struggle with operating in a changing environmental, social and financial landscape.
In this theme we explore these and related challenges and want to learn from good and bad examples, past, present and advancements using knowledge from different disciplines in an interdisciplinary perspective. The goal is to connect researchers and projects between the two countries in relation to the challenges concerning sustainable urbanisation, travel and tourism.
As such the theme is primarily connected to Sustainable Development Goals 6 (Clean water and sanitation), 7 (Affordable and clean energy), 9 (Industry, innovation and infrastructure), 10 (Reduced inequalities), 11 (Sustainable cities and communities), and, 12 (Responsible production and consumption).
Keywords: Urban planning and design; Community development; Infrastructure; Public transportation; Urban vacationing; Tourism industry; Social inclusiveness