Theme 4: Understanding the burden of disease in Sweden and South Africa and its impact on the health systems of the two countries in the future
Globalization affects population health in all countries. Inequality and environmental change are paramount challenges that all countries have to deal with when planning for health promotion and meeting existing and emerging needs for health care services. The challenge involves shifts in demography depending on higher life expectancy and migration patterns, as well as shifts in morbidity and mortality patterns due to change in life-styles driven by new consumption patterns as well as environmental change.
Moreover, there are also challenges on the provider side of health care in terms of equal access to health care, involving financing and staffing issues, and the need for new technologies and information and management systems. In order to understand the links between the globalization processes and the future development of population health and appropriate health system adaptation, comparative research between countries using the concept burden of disease appears to be a promising approach.
Keywords: Population health, Burden of disease, Health equity, Health systems adaptation